Loading data from multiple sources with RxJava

Simply copy from Loading data from multiple sources with RxJava

Suppose I have some Data

  • that I query from the network. I could simply hit the network each time I need the data, but caching the data on disk and in memory would be much more efficient.
  • More specifically, I want a setup that:
    Occasionally performs queries from the network for fresh data.
    Retrieves data as quickly as possible otherwise (by caching network results).

I’d like to present an implementation of this setup usingRxJava.

Basic Pattern

Given an Observable<Data> for each source (network, disk and memory), we can construct a simple solution using two operators, concat() and first().

concat() takes multiple Observables and concatenates their sequences. first() emits only the first item from a sequence. Therefore, if you use concat().first(), it retrieves the first item emitted by multiple sources.

Let’s see it in action:

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// Our sources (left as an exercise for the reader)
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Observable<Data> memory = ...;  
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Observable<Data> disk = ...;  
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Observable<Data> network = ...;
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// Retrieve the first source with data
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Observable<Data> source = Observable  
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  .concat(memory, disk, network)
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  .first();

The key to this pattern is that concat() only subscribes to each child Observable when it needs to. There’s no unnecessary querying of slower sources if data is cached, sincefirst() will stop the sequence early. In other words, if memory returns a result, then we won’t bother going to disk or network. Conversely, if neither memory nor disk have data, it’ll make a new network request.

Note that the order of the source Observables in concat() matters, since it’s checking them one-by-one.

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